Adult cats in connection with breed and sex have a breed of form 2.4 to 4.6 kg. But many cats "step over" this border. It wouldn't be correctly to make up the rations of such animals on the basis of their weight. It is over normal and that is why it is better for fat cats, like for fat people, sometimes to weigh themselves and then to lose their weight to normal. And it would be better to cat's owner to weigh yourself together with your cat because the plenty of weight causes shortage of life not only to animals... (Advice: you may do it in the following way: first of all weigh yourself together with the cat and then weigh only yourself and subtract your own weight from the first one).Norm of food
Adult cat needs daily 100-150 g of food which contain albumen (meat, fish, eggs, curds, beef pulp, soy bean flour) and 50 g of addition food which contains carbohydrate including those that are not adopted because of some substances (oats flakes, grass, rice, different vegetables such as carrot, spinach, cauliflower, green beans and the other less useful greens).
Meat and fish are normally adopted by cats when they are unbaked; food which contains carbohydrates is better to use boiled or baked. It will grow its adaptation. And if you add to the food 5-10 g of oil 2-3 times a week you'll cover the lack of fat acids in the cat's organism (on condition that the fat which contained in meat will be useful for cat).Dose of food
Here you must remember that among cats like among people you can meet some with the bad appetite. The most often reason of this is not only the function of digestion organs but also is connected with exchange of substances. Because of castration the exchange of substances often changes and the cat eats less.
Thoroughbred cat is usually given to the new owner at the age of 10 weeks. That who sells it must inform the new owner about the general regulations of keeping and feeding of the cat. Especially it is important to know the components of food and how often you must feed the cat. Good owners, who are interested of normal growing and health of kittens they bought, always have notes where the most important figures and dates are written. Of course, the information about the food which is given to the new owner must really correspond to that the previous owner was giving to the cat and not to be just "a wish".
At the age of 10 weeks feeding must be 4-5 times a day and contain from 120 g to 150 g. Remember about quick growing of the animal and care about the rich quantity of albumen and about mineralization (with calcium) of food. At the age of 4 months cats need for the quantity of food which adult cats need. Feeding must be still 4 times a day. At the age of 5 months it falls to 3 times and of 7 months to 2 times a day.Number of doses of food
The owner may choose himself how many times he must feed the cat. It won't be harmful for the cat if you give it all day portion in the evening. The experience shows that it will be more useful for the cat to eat this meat supper, than during the day eat food which is often not good for the animal, for example, chocolate. Fresh water is always necessary together with food.
Dish from which your cat eats must differ from your dishes. At first, for hygiene, and at second, the dish is an optical sign which says to the cat that its food just here. Those who don't do in this way, are not right. And if you see that your cat eats from your plate you should not be surprised... Cat's dish must be as clean as your own.
There is another approach to feeding: cat must be fed when it wants. Perhaps it'll be some times a day. If it isn't difficult for you and your cat doesn't overeat then, to my mind, this approach is better. Besides you may provide your cat with the constant access to dry food (remember about water!) and then it may eat it when it wants.
Time of feeding
|Most cats that lead an active life (i.e. are not confined and/or bored) will eat approximately the right amount of food to meet their caloric requirements although there are canine breeds and some individuals that will consistently overeat. |
Although relatively unimportant to the pet, the visual appearance of the product and its packaging can greatly influence the owner's perception of its quality and palatability. The colour of a food is more likely to enhance its appeal to the owner, since cats have limited colour vision.
The major differences between pets and humans in their response to food are that pets are:
• much less concerned about the appearance, particularly the colour, of a food,
• more influenced by its smell and taste, and
• better able to judge the quality and freshness of ingredients.
The similarity with people is that pets:
• develop individual preferences for certain ingredients and flavours,
• look for novel foods, but
• are wary of foods that are too different from those experienced previously and may need to be introduced to them gradually
You must feed the cat daily at the same time. Its organism is used to this and it includes doses of food in the daily rhythm. Animals which have free opportunity to walk outside usually come back to time of feeding.Food must be warm
Hot or just taken from refrigerator food is not useful for cat. Our cat, like its relatives in the wild nature, needs the quiet place for eating. Each owner should take this fact into account.Relaxation after eating
"Cat needs relaxation after eating". It is a motto of each cat. Digestion of food is the work of organism and cat doesn't like when somebody plays with it at that time. Be careful at this period even if it is at the end of day when you have spare time. But not all the cats are the same. For example, my Shvaika plays just after eating.Rest of food
Don't let it stay in the dish. In summer or in the hot room the food with albumen is quickly spoilt.Calories
You must do some easy calculation to know the necessity of food of your cat. Specialists calculated this for different ages, for period of pregnancy and of bringing up the kittens in kilojoules on 1 kilogram of the weight a day. But it is possible to remake kilocalories into kilojoules. You have just to multiply the number of kilocalories on 4.19.
The need of young cat (between the age of 7 and 12 weeks) is 838 kJ. Growing and pregnant cats need 419 kJ. Besides adult cats' need for energy is shortened before 335.2 kJ. Lactation cats must get 1047.4 kJ, and fat cats with the plenty of weight has only 251.4 kJ till their weight becomes normal.
The products which are sold have marks about the number of calories in them or you may find it out from the reference book. That's why it won't be difficult for you to find the quantity of food which your cat needs.Digestion
Never forget that food which you offer to your cat is not always completely digested. You must remember that good digestion is about 75-80% when you calculate the number of food. On the other hand, don't forget the individual specialties of the cat when you analyze the food. Need of energy grows because of low or hot temperature.